Indian Festivals and Holidays

Apr
21
Sun
2019
Easter Day
Apr 21 all-day
Easter Day

Easter is the celebration of the resurrection of Jesus from the tomb on the third day after his cruxifixion. Easter is the fulfilled prophecy of the Messiah who would be persecuted, die for others sins, and rise on the third day.

The early Christians began remembering the Resurrection every Sunday following its occurrence. In A.D. 325, the Council of Nicaea set aside a special day just to celebrate the Resurrection.  The problem with an official day was deciding whether the Resurrection should be celebrated on a weekday or always on a Sunday. Many felt that the date should continue to be based on the timing of the Resurrection during Passover. Once Jewish leaders determined the date of Passover each year, Christian leaders could set the date for Easter by figuring three days after Passover.  Following this schedule would have meant that Easter would be a different day of the week each year, only falling on a Sunday once in awhile.

New clothes have long been associated with the idea of newness and a fresh beginning.  The familiar custom of having new clothes for Easter probably began with early Christians wearing new white robes for baptism during Easter Vigil services.  Later, the custom expanded to everyone wearing new clothes in celebration of his or her new life in Christ.

Apr
30
Tue
2019
Shri Vallabhacharya Jayanti
Apr 30 all-day
Shri Vallabhacharya Jayanti

Shri Vallabhacharya (1479-1531 C.E.) was a devotional philosopher, who founded the Pushti sect in India. Shri Vallabhacharya was an ardent devotee of Lord Krishna. He worshipped Shrinathji form of Lord Krishna. He is also known as Mahaprabhu Vallabhacharya.

Vallabhacharya was born in Kashi now Varanasi, India in 1479 A.D. He belonged to a Telugu Brahmin family. According to Purnimant lunar calendar followed in North India, he was born on Krishna Paksha Ekadashi during Vaishakha month. According to Amanta lunar calendar, he was born on Krishna Paksha Ekadashi during Chaitra month. It is just name of the month which differs in both calendars and the birth anniversary of Shri Vallabhacharya is observed on the same day. The day of his birth anniversary coincides with Varuthini Ekadashi. His father was Shri Lakshman Bhatt ji and mother Shri Illammagaru ji. At a tender age of 10-11 years, Shri Vallabh completed studies of all religious scriptures like Veda, Purana, Smrti, Tantra etc. and various philosophies like Sankhya, Yoga, Nyaya, Mimamsa, Jain, Bauddha etc. from His father as well as various learned scholars.

Vallabha lost his father when he was eleven years of age. He completed, in his twelfth year, his study of the Vedas, the six Darshanas and the eighteen Puranas at Varanasi. From Varanasi he went to Brindavan. Then he visited all the sacred places in India. Vallabha attended the court of Raja Krishna Deva at Vijayanagar and defeated all the famous Pundits of the court. The Raja was very much pleased with Vallabha for his genius and learning, showered on him gifts of gold and other wealth, and invested him with the title of ‘Vaishnavacharya’. Vallabha’s fame and influence quickly increased. From Vijayanagar Vallabha went to Ujjain and other places. Vallabha was married at Varanasi and his wife’s name was Mahalakshmi. He had two sons.

Shri Mahaprabhuji, after taking His mothers permission, set out for Parikrama of Bharat at the age of 11 years. He walked bare foot only wearing a dhoti and uparna. He traveled with His Sevya Shri Thakorji and always would make halts outside the village near a lake and under a tree, would cook food Himself and first offer to Shri Thakruji and then eat. At holy places He would recite Shri Bhagvatji and also accept divine beings under His refuge.

The important works of Vallabha are Vyasa Sutra Bhashya, Jaimini Sutra Bhasya, Bhagavata Tika Subodhini, Pushti Pravala Maryada and Siddhanta Rahasya. All these books are in Sanskrit. Vallabha has written many books in Brij Bhasha also.

Vallabha spent his last days at Varanasi. He thought that his life’s mission had been accomplished. He went one day to bathe in the Ganges at Hanuman Ghat. There the people saw a brilliant light ascending the sky from the earth. In the presence of a host of spectators he ascended the sky and disappeared. This took place in 1531 A.D. in Vallabha’s fifty-second year.

May
6
Mon
2019
Parshuram Jayanti
May 6 all-day
Parshuram Jayanti

Parashurama Jayanti is celebrated as birth anniversary of sixth incarnation of Lord Vishnu. It falls during Shukla Paksha Tritiya in the month of Vaishakha. This day is also known as Akshaya Tritiya and is considered good to start or do anything auspicious. The purpose of the sixth incarnation of Lord Vishnu is to relieve the Earth’s burden by exterminating the sinful, destructive and irreligious monarchs that pillaged its resources and neglected their duties as kings.

According to the legend, Mahishmati Nagri, a region in central India was ruled by the demon king Kiratarjuna and his kingdom of the Kshatriyas. Goddess Earth was so concerned about the evil deeds of the king, that she asked Lord Vishnu for help. Lord Vishnu said the he would be born as a son to Renuka and Sage Jamadagni and destroy the kingdom. Kama Dhenu cow was snatched away by a kshatriya king, Kartavirya Sahashrarjun and the Ashram was destroyed. To take revenge, Parshuram killed the king and his thousand arms. When Parshuram’s father Jamadagni was killed by the king’s son then Parshuram vowed to kill all the kshatriyas on this earth and made it free from the autocracy of the kshatriyas. All the kshatriyas fled away due to the terror of him and no one remained to protect this earth. So Kashyap muni ordered Parshuram to leave this world. Parshuram went to mountain Mahendra and began living there.

Parashurama or Parshuram may also be known as Rama Jamadagnya, Rama Bhargava and Veerarama in some Hindu texts. Parashurama is worshipped as mool purush, or founder, of the Niyogi Bhumihar Brahmin, Chitpavan, Daivadnya, Mohyal, Tyagi, Anavil and Nambudiri Brahmin communities.

According to Hindu belief unlike all other avatars Parashurama still lives on the Earth. Therefore, unlike Shri Rama and Shri Krishna, Parashurama is not worshipped. In South India, at the holy place Pajaka near Udupi, one major temple exists which commemorates Parashurama. There are many temples at the western coast of India which are dedicated to Lord Parashurama.

The Kalki Purana states that Parashurama will be the martial guru of Shri Kalki, the 10th and final Avatar of Lord Vishnu. It is not the first time that 6th Avatar of Lord Vishnu will meet another Avatar. According to Ramayana, Parashurama came to the betrothal ceremony of Sita and Lord Rama and met the 7th Avatar of Lord Vishnu.

May
7
Tue
2019
Rabindranath Tagore Jayanti
May 7 all-day
Rabindranath Tagore Jayanti

Rabindranath Tagore (1861-1941 C.E.), sobriquet Gurudev was a Bengali poet and multi-talented personality who composed the National Anthem of India and won the Nobel Prize for Literature. According to English calendar he was born on 7th May 1861 in the Jorasanko mansion (the ancestral home of the Tagore family) in Kolkata to parents Debendranath Tagore and Sarada Devi.

Tagore wrote poetry as an eight-year-old. He also started composing art works at a tender age and by the age of sixteen he had started publishing poems under the pseudonym Bhanusimha. He also wrote the short story, ‘Bhikharini’ in 1877 and the poem collection, ‘Sandhya Sangit’ in 1882. Tagore was largely home-schooled and was trained by his siblings in the field of gymnastics, martial arts, art, anatomy, literature, history and mathematics among various other subjects. In 1873, during his journey of the country with his father, he accumulated knowledge on several subjects. He was sent to England in the year 1878 as his father wanted him to become a barrister and his traditional education began in Brighton, East Sussex, England, at a public school. He was later on enrolled at the University College in London but he dropped out and learned several works of Shakespeare on his own. After learning the essence of English, Irish and Scottish literature and music, he returned to India and married Mrinalini Devi.

According to Bengali calendar he was born on 25th day of Boishakh month, in 1422 Bengali Era. In West Bengal Rabindranath Tagore anniversary is observed as per local Bengali calendar. The day of Boishakh 25th currently overlaps with either 8th May or 9th May on Gregorian calendar. However, in other states Rabindranath Tagore Jayanti is observed as per Gregorian calendar on 7th May. In Kolkata Tagore Jayanti is popularly known as Poncheeshe Boishakh.

Tagore’s talent was multifaceted, although he found himself in poetry. Gitanjali, which was released in 1910, was a collection of poems that received the prestigious Nobel Prize in literature. Other important works are Manasi (1890), Sonar Tari (1894), Gitimalya (1914), and plays such as Raja (1910), Dakghar (1912), etc. Tagore was also an accomplished artist, leaving behind several paintings that are a treasure in themselves. He was also interested in music, and wrote a few songs and provided music for them. The legacy of Tagore still shapes young minds and hearts in India, beckoning them to expand their horizons and challenge the established order. It’d be unfair to classify his multi talents as a poet, leader or writer, but perhaps his contribution as a social reformer for his ideas on gender, culture, freedom and education is also the most important.

May
9
Thu
2019
Maharana Pratap Jayanti
May 9 all-day
Maharana Pratap Jayanti

Maharana Pratap or Pratap Singh (1540-1597 C.E.) was a Hindu Rajput King of Mewar in Rajasthan, India. Maharana Pratap belonged to the Sisodiya clan of Rajputs and he was the eldest son of Udai Singh II and Jaiwanta Bai. He is revered and worshipped by many royal families in Rajasthan for his bravery and courage.

As per historical records, Maharana Pratap was born on May 9th, 1540 according to Julian calendar. Julian calendar is obsolete and it has been replaced by Gregorian calendar. According to Proleptic Gregorian calendar Maharana Pratap was born on May 19th 1540.

However, the birth anniversary of Maharana Pratap is celebrated as per Hindu calendar. Either one follows Julian calendar or Gregorian calendar, the Hindu date of birth anniversary of Maharana Pratap falls on the same day. According to Hindu calendar it was Tritiya, Jyeshtha, Shukla Paksha, 1597 Vikram Samvat when Maharana Pratap was born.

In 1568, during the reign of Udai Singh II, Chittor was conquered by the Mughal Emperor Akbar after the third Jauhar at Chittor. Udai Singh and his family had left before the capture and moved to the foothills of the Aravalli Range where Udai Singh had already founded the city of Udaipur in 1559 and Pratap was coronated on 1 March 1572 at Gogunda. Chittorgarh (Chittor fort), Pratap’s ancestral home, was under Mughal occupation. Living a life on the run, the dream of reconquering Chittor (and thus reclaiming the glory of Mewar) was greatly cherished by Pratap, and his future efforts were bent towards this goal. Nearly all of Pratap’s fellow Rajput chiefs had meanwhile entered into the vassalage of the Mughals. Akbar sent a total of six diplomatic missions to Pratap, seeking to negotiate the same sort of peaceful alliance that he had concluded with the other Rajput chiefs but the never give up attitude lead him to hold over his glory and territory.

Maharana Pratap is best known for Battle of Haldighati against Mughal emperor Akbar to defend his kingdom. On June 21, 1576 (June 18 by other calculations), the two armies met at Haldighati, near the town of Gogunda. Maharana Pratap fielded a force of around 3,000 cavalry and 400 Bhil archers. The Mughals were led by Raja Man Singh of Amber, who commanded an army numbering around 5,000–10,000 men. After a fierce battle lasting more than three hours, Pratap found himself wounded and the day lost. While a few of his men bought him time, he managed to make an escape to the hills and lived to fight another day. The casualties for Mewar numbered around 160 men. The Mughal army lost 1500 men, with another 350 wounded. While Mughals were able to capture Gogunda and nearby areas, they were unable to hold onto them for long. As soon as the empire’s focus shifted elsewhere, Pratap and his army came out of hiding and recaptured the western regions of his dominion. With the large booty at his disposal, Pratap organized another attack and Battle of Dewar followed in which army of Mewar was victorious and Pratap was able to claim back much of the lost territories of Mewar, except Chittor.

During Pratap’s exile, he received much assistance from Bhamashah, a trusted general and aide of Pratap, who along with his brother Tarachand looted Mughal territory of Malwa and offered this large booty to Pratap to carry on his fight against Mughal. Bhamashah was promoted to post of Prime Minister after this by Pratap.

Maharana Pratap died of injuries sustained in a hunting accident. He died at Chavand, which served as his capital, on 29 January 1597, aged fifty-seven. A chhatri, commemorating Pratap Singh’s funeral, exists in Chavand and is an important tourist attraction today. It is said that as he lay dying, Pratap made his son and successor, Amar Singh, swear to maintain eternal conflict against the Mughals. Amar Singh fought 17 wars with the Mughals. After Mewar was depleted financially and in man-power he conditionally accepted them as rulers. The treaty between Amar Singh and Mughal King Jahangir had some obligations that fort of Chittor would not be repaired and Mewar would have to keep a contingent of 1000 horse in the Mughal service. Besides Amar Singh would not have to be present at any of the Mughal Darbars.

Shankaracharya Jayanti
May 9 all-day
Shankaracharya Jayanti

Adi Shankaracharya Jayanti is observed as birth anniversary of Indian Guru and philosopher Adi Shankara. Adi Shankara was born in Kalady which is situated in Kerala during 788 C.E. and he was disappeared at young age of 32 in year 820 C.E.

Adi Shankaracharya Jayanti is observed on Panchami Tithi during Shukla Paksha of Vaishakha month and currently falls between April and May. Shankaracharya consolidated the doctrine of Advaita Vedanata (अद्वैत वेदान्त) and revived it at a time when Hindu culture was on decline.

Several different dates have been proposed for Shankara:

  • Based on records of the heads of the Shankara’s cardinal institutions Maṭhas at Dvaraka Pitha, the Govardhana matha and Badri and the Kanchi Peetham, the dating of Adi Shankara is 509–477 BCE.
  • The commentator Anandagiri believed he was born at Chidambaram in 44 BCE and died in 12 BCE.
  • Telang placed him in 6th century CE. Sir R. G. Bhandarkar believed he was born in 680 CE.
  • The early 20th scholars like Max Müller, Macdonnel, Pathok, Deussen and Radhakrishna and others have proposed the date as 788–820 CE. The date 788–820 is also among those considered acceptable by Swami Tapasyananda, though he raises a number of questions.
  • Late 20th century scholarship has questioned the 788-820 CE dates, placing Adi Shankara’s life of 32 years in the first half of the 8th century i.e. sometime between 700-750 CE.
  • Venkiteswara not only places Shankara later than most, but also had the opinion that it would not have been possible for him to have achieved all the works apportioned to him, and has him live ninety two years between 805–897 CE but oviously no can see beyond their own frames. Our imaginations are limited to our experience but the world is more wide than the same.

Adi Shankara, along with Madhava and Ramanuja, was instrumental in the revival of Hinduism. These three teachers formed the doctrines that are followed by their respective sects even today. They have been the most important figures in the recent history of Hindu philosophy.

Surdas Jayanti
May 9 all-day
Surdas Jayanti

Sant Surdas (1478-1581 C.E.) was a great poet and musician known for his devotional songs dedicated to Lord Krishna. There is disagreement regarding the exact birth year of Sur, with the general consensus among scholars holding it to be between the years 1478 and 1483. Surdas was born blind and because of that he was neglected by his family. As a result, he left his home at the tender age of six and started praising Lord Krishna at a very young age.

According to historians Sant Surdas was born on 1478 C.E. in village Sihi, Faridabad, Haryana. However some claims that he was born at Runkta near Agra. The birth anniversary of Sant Surdas is observed as per Hindu lunar calendar and falls on Shukla Paksha, Panchami in Vaishakha month.

The Vallabhite story states that Surdas was blind from birth and neglected by his family, forcing him to leave his home at the age of six and live on the banks of Yamuna river. It states that he met Vallabha Acharya and became his disciple while going on a pilgrimage to Vrindavan. However, the authenticity of this legend is disputed due to the absence of Vallabha Acharya from early poems of Sur and the awkward logic of the story. It is likely that Surdas was an independent poet, suggested by his acceptance to all communities. He probably became blind later in his life, contrary to the Vallabhite claim.

Surdas’s music and fine poetry attracted many laurels. As his fame spread far and wide, the Mughal emperor Akbar became his patron. Surdas spent the last years of his life in Braj and lived on the donations, which he received in return for his Bhajan singing and lecturing on religious topics.

There is also a disagreement regarding the year of his death; it is considered to be between 1561 and 1584.

Surdas is said to have written and composed a hundred thousand songs in his magnum opus the Sur Sagar (Ocean of Melody), out of which only about 8,000 are in existence.

May
18
Sat
2019
Buddha Purnima
May 18 all-day
Buddha Purnima

Buddha Purnima during Vaishakha month is celebrated as birth anniversary of Gautama Buddha. Although celebrated as the day Buddha was born and known as Buddha Jayanti, it is also known as the day he attained salvation or Nirvana under the Mahabodhi tree at Bodh Gaya. Gautama Buddha whose birth name was Siddhartha Gautama was a spiritual teacher on whose teachings Buddhism was founded.

According to the Theravada Tripitaka scriptures, most historians date Gautama Buddha’s lifetime between 563-483 B.C. Most people consider Lumbini, Nepal as birth place of Buddha. Buddha died at the age of 80 at Kushinagar, Uttar Pradesh.

For Buddhists, Bodh Gaya is the most important pilgrimage site related to the life of Gautama Buddha. The other three important pilgrimage sites are KushinagarLumbini, and Sarnath. It is believed that Gautama Buddha obtained Enlightenment at Bodhagaya and he first taught the Dharma at Sarnath. Buddha Purnima is also known as Buddha Jayanti, VesakVaishaka and Buddha’s Birthday.

According to the Buddhism, sorrow and desire are the main cause of all the evil and suffering of this world. Lord Buddha advocated the Eightfold Path consisting of precepts like right conduct, right motive, right speech, right effort, right resolve, right livelihood, right attention and right meditation to gain mastery over suffering. It is only after following this path one can reach the ultimate aim of Nirvana. Nirvana is the transcendental state of complete liberation. In North India Buddha is considered as the 9th incarnation and Lord Krishna as the 8th incarnation of Lord Vishnu. However Buddha is never considered as an Avatar of Vishnu in South Indian belief. In South India Balarama is considered as the 8th incarnation and Krishna as the 9th incarnation of Lord Vishnu. Balarama is counted as an incarnation of Vishnu by the majority of Vaishnava movements. Even Buddhists don’t consider Buddha as an incarnation of Lord Vishnu. The Mauryan Emperor Ashoka espoused the Buddhist religion in the 3rd century B.C. and helped in spreading it far and wide.

May
31
Fri
2019
Jamat Ul-Vida
May 31 all-day
Jamat Ul-Vida

Jamat ul-Vida or Jumu’atul-Widaa’ is a very special occasion for the Islamic community. Jumu’ah comes from the Arabic word for “gathering” while ‘Widaa‘ means “farewell”. This holy festival is observed year on year on the last Friday in the month of Ramadan before Eid-ul-Fitr. This day is dedicated to the reading of Quran the whole day combined with special prayers and worship of the almighty.

Jummat-al-Wida derived from the word ‘Jamat Ul Vida’ is Good Wishes of the Holy Quran. This day is unique in assuring the blessings of Allah in abundance. For this purpose, the Muslims gather at the mosque and engage themselves in scriptural reading, charity works, poor feeding and helping the needy people. Women may attend, but are not obligated. Usually on this day, special prayers are done at the mosques for the welfare of the whole world.  The importance of Jamat-ul-Vida ensues from the word of Prophet Mohammed who had greatly extolled the importance of Fridays. Muslims fill themselves with the belief that the angels listen to them attentively and shower their blessings on them combined with mercy and forgiveness. This festival is celebrated by the individuals by reciting their holy book, special prayers and a lot of social works to seek blessings so usually no Muslim stays at home avoiding the prayers on this day due to the paramount importance attached to the reading of Quran on this holy occasion.

Jun
5
Wed
2019
Eid al-Fitr, Ramadan
Jun 5 – Jun 6 all-day
Eid al-Fitr, Ramadan

Eid al-Fitr is the holy festival that marks the end of Ramadan and allows Muslims to break the routine of fasting everyday from sunrise to sunset. As the Islamic calendar is based on the lunar cycle, the date of Eid al-Fitr is set when a new moon is sighted. On the evening marking the beginning of Eid al-Fitr Muslims will gather at the Mosque for the evening prayer, Salat, and afterwards begin their celebrations with family, friends and food. Eid al-Fitr translates to “festival of breaking of the fast” and it signals the start of Shawwal, the ninth month in the Muslim calendar. Eid al-Fitr was originated by the Islamic prophet Muhammad and is a time where Muslims give their thanks to Allah and donate money to the poor.

In Islamic history, the month of Ramadan saw the Quran or Koran, the religion’s holy book, revealed to the Prophet Muhammad by Allah (God). Ramadan is the holiest month in the Muslim calendar and is marked by a period of obligatory fasting between sunrise and sunset. All adult Muslims are required to fast unless they are suffering from an illness, travelling, elderly, pregnant or breastfeeding.

This is a joyous times as it is an opportunity for Muslims to thank Allah for the strength he gave to aid their self-control and have been forgiven of their sins. In addition, many Muslims wear traditional clothing, participate in colourful parades, and display their thanks by donating to charity and giving gifts.

Jun
6
Thu
2019
Maharana Pratap Jayanti
Jun 6 all-day
Maharana Pratap Jayanti

Maharana Pratap or Pratap Singh (1540-1597 C.E.) was a Hindu Rajput King of Mewar in Rajasthan, India. Maharana Pratap belonged to the Sisodiya clan of Rajputs and he was the eldest son of Udai Singh II and Jaiwanta Bai. He is revered and worshipped by many royal families in Rajasthan for his bravery and courage.

As per historical records, Maharana Pratap was born on May 9th, 1540 according to Julian calendar. Julian calendar is obsolete and it has been replaced by Gregorian calendar. According to Proleptic Gregorian calendar Maharana Pratap was born on May 19th 1540.

However, the birth anniversary of Maharana Pratap is celebrated as per Hindu calendar. Either one follows Julian calendar or Gregorian calendar, the Hindu date of birth anniversary of Maharana Pratap falls on the same day. According to Hindu calendar it was Tritiya, Jyeshtha, Shukla Paksha, 1597 Vikram Samvat when Maharana Pratap was born.

In 1568, during the reign of Udai Singh II, Chittor was conquered by the Mughal Emperor Akbar after the third Jauhar at Chittor. Udai Singh and his family had left before the capture and moved to the foothills of the Aravalli Range where Udai Singh had already founded the city of Udaipur in 1559 and Pratap was coronated on 1 March 1572 at Gogunda. Chittorgarh (Chittor fort), Pratap’s ancestral home, was under Mughal occupation. Living a life on the run, the dream of reconquering Chittor (and thus reclaiming the glory of Mewar) was greatly cherished by Pratap, and his future efforts were bent towards this goal. Nearly all of Pratap’s fellow Rajput chiefs had meanwhile entered into the vassalage of the Mughals. Akbar sent a total of six diplomatic missions to Pratap, seeking to negotiate the same sort of peaceful alliance that he had concluded with the other Rajput chiefs but the never give up attitude lead him to hold over his glory and territory.

Maharana Pratap is best known for Battle of Haldighati against Mughal emperor Akbar to defend his kingdom. On June 21, 1576 (June 18 by other calculations), the two armies met at Haldighati, near the town of Gogunda. Maharana Pratap fielded a force of around 3,000 cavalry and 400 Bhil archers. The Mughals were led by Raja Man Singh of Amber, who commanded an army numbering around 5,000–10,000 men. After a fierce battle lasting more than three hours, Pratap found himself wounded and the day lost. While a few of his men bought him time, he managed to make an escape to the hills and lived to fight another day. The casualties for Mewar numbered around 160 men. The Mughal army lost 1500 men, with another 350 wounded. While Mughals were able to capture Gogunda and nearby areas, they were unable to hold onto them for long. As soon as the empire’s focus shifted elsewhere, Pratap and his army came out of hiding and recaptured the western regions of his dominion. With the large booty at his disposal, Pratap organized another attack and Battle of Dewar followed in which army of Mewar was victorious and Pratap was able to claim back much of the lost territories of Mewar, except Chittor.

During Pratap’s exile, he received much assistance from Bhamashah, a trusted general and aide of Pratap, who along with his brother Tarachand looted Mughal territory of Malwa and offered this large booty to Pratap to carry on his fight against Mughal. Bhamashah was promoted to post of Prime Minister after this by Pratap.

Maharana Pratap died of injuries sustained in a hunting accident. He died at Chavand, which served as his capital, on 29 January 1597, aged fifty-seven. A chhatri, commemorating Pratap Singh’s funeral, exists in Chavand and is an important tourist attraction today. It is said that as he lay dying, Pratap made his son and successor, Amar Singh, swear to maintain eternal conflict against the Mughals. Amar Singh fought 17 wars with the Mughals. After Mewar was depleted financially and in man-power he conditionally accepted them as rulers. The treaty between Amar Singh and Mughal King Jahangir had some obligations that fort of Chittor would not be repaired and Mewar would have to keep a contingent of 1000 horse in the Mughal service. Besides Amar Singh would not have to be present at any of the Mughal Darbars.

Jun
17
Mon
2019
Sant Kabirdas Jayanti
Jun 17 all-day
Sant Kabirdas Jayanti

Sant Kabirdas (1440-1518 CE) was a famous poet, saint and social reformer of India. The years of Kabir’s birth and death are unclear. Some historians favor 1398–1448 as the period Kabir lived, while others favor 1440–1518. The birth anniversary of Sant Kabir is observed on Jyeshtha Purnima as per Hindu lunar calendar.

Sant Kabir’s writings have greatly influenced the Bhakti movement. Kabir Panth which is a religious community recognizes him as its founder and its members are known as Kabir Panthis, the followers of Saint Kabirdas.

It is clearly not known about his birth parents but it is noted that he has been grew up by the very poor family of Muslim weavers. He was very spiritual person and became a great Sadhu. He got fame all over the world because of his influential traditions and culture. He was founded in Lehartara, a small town in Varanasi by the Niru and Nima (his care taker parents). His parents were extremely poor and uneducated but they adopted the little baby very heartily and trained him about their own business. He lived the balanced life of a simple house holder and a mystic.

It is considered that he got all his spiritual training from his Guru named, Ramananda, in his early childhood. His writings include Bijak, Sakhi Granth, Kabir Granthawali and Anurag Sagar. The major part of Kabir’s work was collected by the fifth Sikh Guru, Guru Arjan Dev, and incorporated into the Sikh scripture Guru Granth Sahib. The hallmark of Kabir’s work consists of his two line couplets, known as Kabir Ke Dohe.

Sant Kabir was prejudiced by the existing religious mood of that time like Hinduism, Tantrism as well as the personal devotionalism mixed with the imageless God of Islam. Kabir Das is the first Indian saint who has coordinated the Hinduism and Islam by giving a universal path which could be followed by both Hindus and Muslims. According to him every life has relationship with two spiritual principles (Jivatma and Paramatma). His view about the moksha that, it is the process of uniting these two divine principles.